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Civil Procedure I
West Virginia University School of Law
Rhee, William

Civ Pro Outline
 
UNIT 1 & 2: Notice & Due Process
 
UNIT 3: Personal Jursidiction
 
UNIT 4: Subject matter Jurisdiction
 
UNIT 5: Venue
 
 
UNIT 1: NOTICE & DUE PROCESS
Due Process                (procedural and substantive harms if not properly followed)
            Notice ; Personal Jurisdiction; Subject Matter Jurisdiction
(Venue not required by Constitution)
 
5th Amendment Due process requirements
1)      Deprived of life, liberty, property
2)      State action (e.g., military detention)
 
Hamdi
Matthews Test – on appeal, after due process rights argued
            For disputes between govt. & individual citizen; complaint that this is subjective
 
BALANCING TEST (case by case determination; not a bright-line rule; more arbitrary; more discretion)
     Weighing of (1) government interest, (2) private interest, and (3) risk of error (cost/benefit)
 
GOVT. INTEREST
PRIVATE INTEREST
RISK OF ERROR
National security; avoid having “enemy combatant” fight again;
 
courts not interfere in military matters
 
time; resources
 
hard ti get evidence in wartime
Liberty / freedom
Independent review
 
private interest greater than govt interest?
 
Thomas – high govt. interest
O’Connor – high private interest
 
Scalia/Stevens: suspension clause – criminal
 
·         (1) state action; (2) life, liberty, or property interest.
 
 
NOTICE
FRCP Rule 4 to initiate suit
(meaningless on its own; re: opp. to be heard)
 
TYPES OF SERVICE
1)      Direct Service okay
2)      Substitutive Service usually okay
3)      Constructive notice might not be sufficient
            (posting on door, registered mail to last known address, etc.)
 
When examining service, look at:
(1)   Content of service, AND
(2)   How served
 
ISSUES TO SPOT
Ø Age of deliverer
Ø Where delivered
Ø How delivered
Ø Sufficient?
Ø Who accepted service? (Kashoggi)
Ø Gov

  p.10     (re: property)
(p.20) Gilbert – how distinguish from Laudemill (cited as way to show how difficult the matter is; focus on how note case relates to big cases) [ e.g. how relate to Hamdi?] Notice of hearing before pay stopped
 
                        p.18 Sniadach can quote holding for exam as a rule or example
                        p.20 due process, notice of chance to be heard; evolution; fine distinctions
                        pg 21 – dissent discussion
 
Lassiter – access to counsel
            Attorneys for indigent people
                        Decision implies lawyer could be storyteller or translator for defendant
            Constitutional right to counsel as extension of equal protection
 
 
Walters
Issue re: cap for fees; = no lawyer