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Property I
Wayne State University Law School
Dolan, John

Property
Prof. John Dolan
Wayne State University
Winter 2013
 
 
 
I.                   Some vocab
a.      Marginal utility- The benefit of one additional item against the cost of it
b.      Externality-the cost of production of additional item
c.       Posner
                                                              i.      Universality- all resources should be owned
                                                            ii.      Exclusivity-
                                                          iii.      Transferability
d.      Freeholds- interest in property that remain for life of holder or longer
e.       Nonfreehold- interest that endure for a term of years, like lease
f.       Choses(things) in possession-  rights in tangible things
g.      Choses in action- rights in intangible things (even if represented by note)
h.      Usafront- things on property you get to keep
i.        Heaven to hell theory-  own on your property to heaven and hell
j.        Indians do not own property, government owns title, they cant transfer property to anyone
k.      Nemo dot- cant give what you don’t got
l.        Exhesion- turning someone elses tragedy into your fortune
m.    Disinterested- neutral
n.      Uninterested- doesn’t care
o.      Mortgage- interest in property- bank has mortgage, you have money
p.      Quiet title-  where court rules who has true title
q.      Claim of right- legitimate way of knowing that you were GFP
r.       Stattue of uses- King Henry passed in order to tax land
s.       Ad liten- temporary
t.        Escheated- land goes back to state if no heirs or wills
u.      Feudalism- tenure- King was owner ppl were tenants
v.      Statute of quia emortes- when sold, person who sold it was gone
w.    Lis pendence-  notice in records where deed is kept to say there is a suit involved in this property and everyone is on notice
x.      Abendom clause- to have and to hold
y.      Declaration (master deed)- developer has that sets out rules of common area
z.       Association governs uses of common areas- BYLAWS- govern association
aa.  Timeshare- owning condo for certain period of time
 
II.                Property
a.      Kremen v Cohen Network Solutions
                                                              i.      Conversion applied to domain names
b.      Moore v Regents of the University of California
                                                              i.      Unauthorized use of tissue in medical research does not constitute conversion
c.       State v Shack
                                                              i.      Necessity ,private, or public may justify entry upon land of another (immigrants)
d.      Intel corp. v. Hamidi
                                                              i.      Trespass does not include electronic communication that neither damages a recipient computer or impairs its functioning
e.       Jones v Alfred H. Mayer Co.
                                                              i.      Refused to sell home b/c black, 42 usca 1982 bars racial discrimination in the sale of property, valid exercise of 13 ammendment
f.        Edwards v Sims
                                                              i.      Cave owner must submit to a survey to see if cave extends beyond boundaries of his property
g.      Johnson v McIntosh
                                                              i.      Indians cant transfer title
h.      Shelley v Kraemer
                                                              i.      Courts cant enforce restrictive covenants based on race or color
 
III.             Bailments- transfer of property for safekeeping, where return of property undamaged is expected
a.      Tangible property, also papers representing stocks etc.
b.      Delivery,
                                                              i.      Actual delivery
                                                            ii.      Constructive delivery
1.      Keys to safe
                                                          iii.      Symbolic delivery
1.      reciept
c.       acceptance
d.      strictly liable
e.       Allen v Hyat Regency-Nashville Hotel
                                                              i.      Parking garage create bailment and presumption of negligence if car stolen
 
 
IV.             Adverse possession- Non possessory interest ( bank, or older owners)
a.      Elements
                                                              i.      Continuous- uninterrupted for statutory period
1.      If disability to owner doesn’t run, or infants, or mental, in army, out of state (statute is tolled)
a.      States have three things about disability
                                                                                                                                      i.      Must exist as beginning of possession
                                                                                                                                    ii.      Only for first disability
                                                                                                                                  iii.      Not sure
                                                            ii.      Open and notorious- type of possession owner would make
                                                          iii.      Actual- literal
                                                          iv.      Hostile and adverse- possessor does not have permission to be there
                                                            v.      Exclusive- by himself and not with true owner
b.      Color of title- a bad deed something wrong with it
c.       Tacking- adding the time from predecessor
                                                              i.      Must have privity
1.      Privity= if there is no hostile possession, sale, gift, or inheritance
                                                            ii.      no tacking if there has been an ouster
d.      doesn’t work against remainderman to someone else’s life tenancy
e.       Chapin v Freeland
                                                              i.      Purchasing from someone who had title from adverse possession is as good title as the adverse possessor
f.        O’Keeffe v Snyder
                                                              i.      Statue of Adverse possession only starts to run when owner has notice or could have had notice through diligence
g.      Marengo Cave Co. v. Ross
                                                              i.      Same goes for land, must have notice of trespass
h.      Howard v Kunto
                                                              i.      Part time residency works for adverse possession if it is the same nature as owner would
 
V.                Finders
a.      rule of capture- whoever captures it gets it
b.  

proved land mistakenly and was able to sue in equity for improvements
 
VII.          Gifts
a.      Intervivos gifts- between two living people
                                                              i.      Intent
                                                            ii.      Actualy delivery
1.      Not promising to deliver
                                                          iii.      Symbolic delivery is fine if actual delivery impossible
                                                          iv.      Constructive delivery
1.      Like for land, or car and I give you keys
                                                            v.      Acceptance
1.      Sometimes presumed
b.      Gift causa mortis- on account of imminent death
                                                              i.      Subjective not objective but illness,disease, has to be objective
                                                            ii.      Until donor dead no gift
c.       Devise, bequest- by will after death
d.      Statute of wills
                                                              i.      Must be in writing
                                                            ii.      Often witnesses have to be there
e.       In re Cohn
                                                              i.      Giving over writing of gift can satisfy delivery of gift
f.        Gruen v Gruen
                                                              i.      Valid intervivos gift can be where donor reserves life estate and donee receives gift after death
g.      Lindh v Surman
                                                              i.      Donor of engagement ring is entitled to ring even if he broke engagement
h.      Foster v Reis
                                                              i.      Inorder to satisfy a gift causa mortis there must be
1.      Made in contemplation of death and donor must die from that sickness or peril
2.      Must be intent
3.      And delivery
i.        Scherer v. Hyland
                                                              i.      where the decedent did everything possible to effectuate delivery of gift causa mortis it will be upheld (suicide endorsed the check)
 
VIII.       Fixtures
a.      Annexed (attached) to property
                                                              i.      Actual or constructive
b.      Adaptation- essential to function of property like furnace
c.       Intention to annex
d.      Institutional theory
                                                              i.      Cant be taken
e.       General rule theory
                                                              i.      Can be taken so long as it does not materially damage premises