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Immigration Law
Wayne State University Law School
Settlage, Rachel D.

 
Immigration
Settlage
Winter 2013
 
 
 
 
1.    Admissions
a.    Steps
i.      Abroad
1.    Apply for visa with consular office (under authority of Dep’t of State)
i.      a visa will be good for multiple entries and can adjust
b.    in person interview for all persons over 14 y/o
c.    non-citizen has burden of proof
2.    OR with visa Waiver Program
a.    get electronic clearance
i.      waive right to removal hearing (except for asylum)
ii.     good for 90 days
b.    can’t adjust
3.    Come to border (not considered to be seeking re-admission unless gone for more than 180 days)
a.    admissibility determination
i.      Waiver: best grounds are for spouse child or parent of U.S.C. or VAWA petitioner
ii.     See §212 and Admissibility discussion below
b.    get I-94
i.      Will include the status of the alien and the the length of the stay
c.    get EAD (often prior to entry)
d.    get DS (duration of status)
4.    Expedited Removal- procedure that applies to aliens seeking admission to U.S. and have no documents or have committed immigration fraud
a.    mandatory detention
b.    When:
i.      applies at border §212(a)(C)(7)
ii.     Secretary of State can apply to anyone who has entered without inspection EWI
iii.    applies if  within 2 weeks and/or 100 miles of border, may be ordered removed without appearance before a judge
c.    Process
i.      extended interview
ii.     if asking for asylum-
1.    credible fear interview 48 hours later, §235(b)(i)(B)(5)
2.    if no fear, immediately deported
3.    if credible fear found, may be released on parole until hearing on the merits
iii.    Those who claim prior U.S.C., LPR, or asylum get full process
iv.   person can remove their application and avoid incurring a bar
v.    if removed incur a 5 year bar
 
 
ii.     Within U.S. (adjustment of status) USE CHART
a.    If denied
i.      no administrative appeal
ii.     can review application before a judge for second try
1.    limited to constitutional claims and questions of law
b.    If granted- can be rescinded if within five years, it appears the individual was not eligible
2.    Legally within the U.S. (admitted and not overstayed)
i.      inspected and admitted or paroled
ii.     eligible to receive immigrant visa
iii.    admissible
iv.   visa immediately available
v.    SEE §245(c) for list of limitations, including those on visa waivers, diplomats, unlawfully employed, etc.
b.    allows for adjustment while in U.S. §245 (a)
i.      requires immediate availability of visa
ii.     Traveling not advices
1.    advanced parole required
iii.    discretionary
c.    Petition for adjustment of status or visa
i.      I-130 family (subject to BIA review if denied)
ii.     I-140 Employment (subject to DHS adm. appeal if denied)
3.    EWIs or Otherwise unauthorized
a.    General rule is that if entered without inspection or who have unauthorized presence or work are ineligible to adjust
b.    Immediate relatives §245(c)(2)
i.      immediate relatives of U.S.C. and special immigrants may adjust within the U.S. despite:
1.    unauthorized employment
2.    unlawful immigration status or
3.    has failed to continuously maintain status prior to date of filing application
4.    or was admitted as a non-immigrant without a visa under the visa waiver program
c.    Safehaven §245(k)
i.      applies to those who are lawfully admitted at the time of entry
ii.     alien must not have, for an aggregate of 180 days:
1.    failed to maintain a lawful status (continuously)
2.    engaged in unauthorized employment
3.    otherwise violated the terms and conditions of admission
d.    Grandfather clause §245(i)
i.      applies to those who:
1.     entered without inspection
2.    were present on December 21, 2000
3.    Petition/certification was filed after January 15, 1998
ii.     must pay a fine
1.    otherwise, if they leave the

iii.    parent
a.    If U.S.C. over 21y/o
b.    and established parent/child relationship prior to child 18th BD (or adopted prior to 16)
b.    Sponsored Sponsored
1.     Derivative:
a.     spouse or child of principal alien may be admitted in the same category preference and order of consideration
b.    Age of child freezes at time when category becomes current -days when application is pendind INA 203(h)(1)           
ii.     F1-Son and daughter of U.S.C. (over 21 and unmarried)
iii.    F2- LPR family
1.    F2A- Spouse and children (under 21)
2.    F2B- Unmarried sons and daughters of LPR
iv.   F3- Married sons and daughters of U.S.C.
v.    F4- Brothers and Sisters of U.S.C.  (if petitioner over 21)
2.    Employment Based §203(b)
a.    EB1- Priority Workers (extraordinary ability)
i.      1A aliens with extraordinary ability 203(b)(1)(A)
a.    “such a small group as to have risen to the top of their respective field”)
2.    Benefit the U.S.
3.    national or international acclaim- List of criteria in 8 C.F.R. §204.5(h)(2)
a.    1 major achievement
b.    or 3 from list
c.    Quality not quantity of evidence
d.     
4.    work in area of extraordinary ability
a.    Field is narrowly defined (coaching and playing in same sport are not same field)
ii.     1B Outstanding professors and researchers
1.    internationally recognized
2.    3 years experience
3.    coming to work or conduct research in that category
4.    benefit the U.S.
iii.    1C MNC Executives and managers
1.    criteria
iv.   Does not require labor certification