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Constitutional Law I
Villanova University School of Law
Samahon, Tuan N.

                               
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW I
Professor SAMAHON
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION………………………………………………………………………………………………
            Constitution…………………………………………………………………………………………
            Judicial Review………………………………………………………………………………………
INTERPRETIVE METHODS………………………………………………………………………………
            Originalism……………………………………………………………………………………………..
            Proceduralist…………………………………………………………………………………………..
            Consequentialist/Pragmatist……………………………………………………………………..
            Common Law Constitutionalist/Precedentialist……………………………………………
            Critical Legal Theory……………………………………………………………………………….
            Formalist/Functionalist……………………………………………………………………………
SEPARATION OF POWERS……………………………………………………………………………..
            Commander in Chief Power……………………………………………………………………..
            Executive Agreements…………………………………………………………………………….
            Commander in Chief Power and the War on Terror……………………………………..
            Executive Privileges and Immunities………………………………………………………….
            Legislative Veto of Executive Action…………………………………………………………..
            The Appointments Power…………………………………………………………………………
            The Removal Power………………………………………………………………………………..
            The Political Question Doctrine…………………………………………………………………
            Standing, Ripeness and Mootness……………………………………………………………
FEDERALISM…………………………………………………………………………………………………
            Congressional Power Under the Necessary and Proper Clause……………………
            Expansion of Congressional Power Under the Interstate Commerce Clause….
            The Rehnquist Court on Congressional Power Under the Commerce Clause….
            The “Dormant” Commerce Clause…………………………………………………………….
            Congressional Power Under The 14th Amendment’s Section 5 Power…………….
            Congressional Power Under The Spending Clause……………………………………
            The 10th Amendment’s Limits on Enumerated Powers…………………………………
DUE PROCESS……………………………………………………………………………………………….
            14th Amendment Privileges or Immunities…………………………………………………..
            The Presumption of Constitutionality and Tiered Judicial Review…………………..
            The Right to Privacy………………………………………………………………………………..
            Abortion and the Right to Privacy………………………………………………………………
            Sex

expansive powers
v.    Section 9- Limits on Power
▪     Slavery can’t be abolished before 1808, may tax up to $10
▪     Cannot suspend habeas corpus () UNLESS 1. rebellion OR 2. invasion to public safety.
▪     Cannot pass Bill of Attainder or Ex Post Facto Law
▪     No capitation tax unless in proportion to census or enumeration herein
▪     No tax on exports.
▪     No preference for states when regulating commerce or ports
▪     No money drawn from treasury except for appropriations made by law. Publish statement of budget and expenditures
▪     No title of nobility granted by US. Congress must consent to any present, emolument, office or title from a king, prince or foreign state.
2.    Article II-Executive Power/Presidency
a.    executive power is vested in a President.
b.    Section 2-Substantive Powers and Limits
i.      Powers (treaties with advice and consent of Senate, appointments w/A+C, Congress can give power of appointments to President alone, courts or depts.
c.    Section 4-Impeachment
3.    Article III-JUDICIAL POWER
a.    Requires that there be one supreme ct. Congress can create lower Cts.
b.    Right to a trial by jury
c.    list of types of cases over which S.C. Has original jurisdiction (e.g. State v. State)
4.    Article IV-STATE POWERS (and LIMITS)
a.    how states must treat eachother (Full faith and credit, can’t discriminate against citizens of other states)
b.    how fed. Gov. interacts with states (full faith and credit)
5.    Article V-Amendments may be made with 2/3 of congress