What is a Family?
Biological Ties (involuntary relationships)
Legal Ties (voluntary relationships)
Quality of Ties
Unilateral (child dependent on parent)
Bilateral (husband and wife dependent on each other)
Quantity of Ties
Length of Relationship
Number of interactions
What are the state’s interests in regulating families?
Public Health (Both physical and mental)
Protecting the family unit
Protecting potential life
Encourage certain family structures
What is the right to privacy?
Type of Right
Spatial (the right to have your own private space)
Decisional (the right to make your own decisions)
Relational (the right to have a relationship with whomever you want)
Etc. (it could be anything else since it has never been defined. Includes birth control, abortion, right to withdraw life support)
Scope of Right
Raising children (education and in general)
Griswold v. Connecticut (1965)
Appellants gave information to married couples on how to prevent pregnancy, in violation of state law in CT (as accessories).
The USSC held:
A husband and wife have a right to privacy
Under the 14th Amendment Due Process Clause
CT’s law infringes upon the marriage relationship and is therefore unconstitutional because there is a right to privacy for married couples. By enforcing this law, it allows CT to enter the “sacred bedroom” of a married couple and regulate what they do in the “bedroom”.
Because contraception is a part of marriage privacy, then it is a fundamental right and the state must defeat a strict scrutiny test. Since it cannot, then the statute must be found unconstitutional
Conviction of Appellants overturned.
Fundamental Rights (therefore, STRICT SCRUTINY TEST)
Mere Rights (therefore, RATIONALLY RELATED TEST)
Eisenstadt v. Baird (1972)
Baird was convicted of distributing co
e losing business b/c of the act
Society argues that parents have the right to choose how to educate there children
Holds that Due Process Clause is violated by this act b/c the state’s interest does not rationally relate to the result achieved by the statute
Union Pacific v. Botsford
Individual’s right to control own body
Meyer v. Nebraska
Parent’s Right to raise children
Pierce v. Society of Sisters
Parents right to raise children
Buck v. Bell
Declines to find violation of right; allows sterilization
Skinner v. Oklahoma
Suggest Individual’s have the right to procreate (but this case dealt with equal protection, so it does not overturn Buck v. Bell)
THE GROWTH OF PRIVACY
Roe v. Wade
o Texas Statute makes it a felony to have or assist in an abortion
· Roe wanted an abortion, but couldn’t b/c of the statute, so she did not. She brings this challenge of the constitutionality of the statute.
· The Court Held:
Looking at history in several Western Civilizations, it appears that the right to privacy is a fundamental right that is broad enough to