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Civil Procedure II
University of Toledo School of Law
Pizzimenti, Lee Ann

Civil Procedure II Outline

I.            Establishing the Structure and Size of the Dispute: Joinder Devices
A.    Joinder of Claims Rule 18(a)
1.    A party asserting a claim to relief
a.    original, counter, cross, or 3rd party claim
2.    may join as many claims against the opposing party
a.    independent OR
b.    alternate
3.    Rule 82—at lease one claim must have an independent basis for JD and Venue
4.    Other claims require either:
1)   common nucleus of operative facts OR
2)   same transaction or occurrence OR
3)   aggregation of claims for diversity
5.    Separate Trials Rule 42(b)
a.    For convenience, avoidance of prejudice, or expedition and economy, the court:
1)   can order a separate trial of any claim
2)   always preserving the right to a jury trial
B.    Permissive Joinder of Parties Rule20(a)
1.    Determines the maximum amount of parties who can be involved
2.    Allows joinder of multiple persons as parties or if they assert a right to relief arising from
a.    the same transaction or occurrence AND
b.    common questions of fact
3.    Allows joinder of multiple persons as D if the claim against the D arises from
a.    the same transaction or occurrence AND
b.    common questions of fact
4.    Separate Trials Rule 20(b)
a.    court may make orders to prevent:
1)   embarrassment OR
2)   delay OR
3)   expense
b.    incurred by a party who is included and has no claim asserted against them
c.    the court may order separate trials etc. to prevent delay or prejudice
5.    Misjoinder and non-joinder of parties Rule21
a.    misjoinder of parties is not subject to dismissal of the entire action
b.    parties may be dropped or added by:
1)   order of the court
2)   motion of any party
3)   sua sponte
c.    at any stage of the action
d.    a claim against a party may be severed and adjudicated separately
C.    Compulsory Joinder Rule 19
1.    Minimum amount of parties who must be involved
a.    Feasible Joinder Rule 19(a)
1)   A party subject to service of process AND who will not deprive the court of JD
2)   must be joined if:
a)    complete relief cannot be accorded among the present parties
b)   the person has an interest relating to the subject of the action AND
c)    disposing the action in the person’s absence will:
1.    impair the person’s ability to protect that interest
2.    the parties involved will be subject to a substantial risk of inconsistent obligati

r impair the absent parties interest?
C.    Will nonjoinder lead to multiple or inconsistent results?
D.   If yes Look to:
II.           Is Joinder Feasible?
A.    Will Joinder affect JD?
1.    if no join the party
2.    if yes, Look to
III.         Is the absent party indispensable?
A.    Will there be prejudice of judgment to the present parties?
B.    Are there any protective provisions to lessen prejudice?
C.    Will there be an adequate judgment if the party is absent?
D.   Is there an adequate/alternative remedy for the present P?
Holding—INA is necessary because they have an interest in the injunction (D won’t be able to work for them). Joinder is not feasible because it destroys diversity JD. The action should be dismissed because INA is indispensable: prejudice to P because cannot recover from INA, no reasonable means to avoid the prejudice, no adequate judgment because INA could still use P’s secrets, and alternative remedy because P can sue in state court.