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Civil Procedure I
University of Toledo School of Law
Kilbert, Kenneth

199-215 4.03, online ohio statute.
A.    There are two types of law, criminal law and civil law
1.      Much more wide, and vast, anything not criminal is civil…
2.      Private lawsuits. Criminal is usually brought by the state.
B.     Procedure – the means by which the dispute is resolved
a.       Important for lawyers who don’t even set foot in a courtroom. Critical to provide accurate advice to your client
b.      Using the constitution, federalism v. state rights, due process, landmark cases, applying rules and statutes, what they are, why they are, is there a more efficient way?
c.       A lot goes on before trial: pleadings, discovery, motion practice,
d.      Less that 10 percent go to trial: settlements, motion practice
A.    Concern and character of civil procedure
B.     An outline of the procedure in a civil action
A.      Selecting a Proper Court – Does the court have jurisdiction over the subject matter?(Can it decide this type of case?) Does the court have jurisdiction over the person?
1.      State courts
                                                                          i.      Original jurisdiction (many states have an intermediary court between original and appellate)
1.      General jurisdiction – large amounts of counties fewer courts
2.      Inferior jurisdiction – small amounts of counties, many courts
                                                                        ii.      Appelate jurisdiction – Reviews the cases of original jurisdiction
2.      Federal Courts
a.       United States District Courts
                                                                                                  i.      Handle diversity of citizenship
                                                                                                ii.      Amounts in controversy over 75000.00
b.      Courts of Original jurisdiction-1 in every state
c.       13 United States courts of appeals (Ohio is 6th circuit along with several other states)
d.      The Supreme Court
B.      Can the court hear this case
1.      Personal Juridiction
2.      Subject matter jurisdiction
a.       Federal court are limited jurisdiction
                                                                                                                                                  i.      Federal question
                                                                                                                                                ii.      Diversity of citizenship
3.      Venue (a statutory question)
4.      What law should apply?
C.      Commencing the Action
a.       Service of Process- Summons to appear under penalty of default
                                                                          i.      Personal service
                                                                        ii.      Substituted service
                                                                      iii.      Publication
D.     Pleading and Parties
a.       The first pleading is the Complaint
E.      The Response
a.       Motion to dismiss – may be granted for…
                                                                          i.      Injury is one the law doesn’t furnish a redress
                                                                        ii.      Failure to include an allegation on a necessary part of the case
                                                                      iii.      Too general or so confused the court can’t find what the plaintiffs claim is
b.      Answer

                                              i.      Writ of execution –order of court commands an officer to seize property and if necessary sell it at public sale and use proceeds to satisfy judgment
                                                                        ii.      Injuction – a decree forcing the defendant not to do something under penalty of contempt of court
N.     Appeal
a.       Petition for a writ of certiorari – Appeal to US Supreme Court
b.      Record to court of appeals
                                                                          i.      Transcript of trial
                                                                        ii.      Orders and rulings
                                                                      iii.      New briefs
                                                                      iv.      New Oral Arguments
c.       May reverse, affirm, or modify judgments
O.     The conclusiveness of Judgments
a.       When appeal time has expired it is res judicata or “a thing decided”
C.     A note on Motion Practice
D.    A note on Remedies
1.      Jurisdiction – determined by state statute
a.       Constrained by due process clause of the constitution – a proxy for fairness or justness – the 14th amendment
b.      The roots and principles, how it evolved, how its applied
A.    Problems
1.      Subject matter juris
2.      Notice issues
3.      Service o f process