Civil Procedure II
1) Fact Pattern
2) Fact Pattern
3) Policy Question
Old Exam up on Twen Site
I. The Overall Process of Litigation
Objectives of Civil Procedure II
1. Landscape of litigation
2. In-depth study of rules
3. examine values
4. Become aware of current federal litigation
Basis of Federal Civil Procedure
1. Article III
Allows Congress to set up lower courts and legislate rules to help courts run.
2. Rules Enabling Act
Allows the SC to make rules.
Purpose of FRCP
“Just, speedy, and inexpensive determination of every action”
Exchange of initial papers in a lawsuit
Types of Pleadings
Historical Types of Pleadings
Dilatory Pleas (not on the merits of case)
1. jurisdiction challenge (Not Here)
2. please in suspension (momentary defect to be corrected)
3. pleas in abatement (procedural defects)
Peremptory Pleas (merits of the claim)
a. conceded truth of facts, but challenged legal basis
a. conceded legal sufficiency, but denied factual
3. plea of confession and avoidance
a. conceded legal and factual, but alleged other facts that changed sign.
Requirements of a Modern Complaint (Rule 8(a))
1. short and plain statement of the grounds including facts and statutes upon which the court’s jurisdiction depends, unless the court already has jurisdiction to support it 28 USC 1332
2. a short an plain statement of the facts showing that the pleader is entitled ot relief
3. prayer or demand for judgment for the relief to which he deems himself entitled
Brief Reminders of Rule 8
1. short and plain statement on jurisdiction
2. short and plain on claim of relief
3. demand for judgment
1. invoke a substantive body of law
2. sketch a factual scenario that, if shown to be true, falls w/in that law
Parameters (eg requirements) for Complaint in Federal Court
1. Rule 8
2. Rule 12(b)(6)
a. Each one your COA entitle yourself to relief
3. Ethical Limitations (Rule 11)
4. FRCP 9 (companion to Rule 8; heightened pleadings)
Type of Pleading (SC v. Fed)
Federal govt. is a NOTICE pleading state.
Notice Pleading Defined
∏ need only make a “S&P statement of the claim showing the pleader is entitled to relief”
SC is a CODE Pleading state.
∏ must set forth facts consisting the CoA
Format for Complaint
a. State type of jurisdiction
c. Residency of ∏
d. Residency of ∆
e. Amount of controversy
b. Elements of the COA
c. Bring them together
a. Wherefore ∏ demands judgment against ∆ in the amount of ________ and costs of suit and for such other and further relief as the court may deem appropriate.
Haddle v. Garrison (S.D.Ga.1996)
Facts: Improper discharged by employee b/c was willing to witness the employer’s misconduct in a federal court case, case brought forth under §1985 claim.
Rule: In order for a complaint to be complete, an individual must adhere to all the elements set forth in Rule 8(a). It m
Issue: faulty complaint. A party filing a complaint must assert on a claim on “ a reasonable investigation” .
Safe Harbor Provision
Under Rule 11, the party w/ the faulty complaint has 21 days to w/draw the complaint from the court.
Scope of Application of Rule 11
Rule 11 only pertains to PAPERs, PLEADINGS, and Other Written Documents.
Christian v. Mattel, Inc. 286 F.3d 1118 (9th Cir. 2003)
Facts: lawyer behaving badly, refusing to look at merchandise indicating copyright date on Barbie’s head (violated Rule 11(b)(3)- Failure to make RI)
Rule: Introduces Safe Harbor Provision. An attorney will be sanctioned by the court if he files a factually and legally merit less complaint.
Special Claims: Requiring and Forbidding Specificity in Pleading
Stradford v. Zurich Insurance Co. 2002 WL 31027517 (S.D. NY 2002)
Facts: dentist, didn’t pay premium, fire broke out during unpaid time, put in claim
Rule: Even if a complaint complies with Rule 8 requirements, it may still be insufficient if it falls within Rule 9(b): any claims on fraud or mistake must be stated w/ particularity.
Test for Rule 9(b) Applied in Stradford
Allocating the Elements of Pleadings
Three Different Burdens
Allege that element of the claim or defense
bring forth evidence and witnesses and documents