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Administrative Law
University of South Carolina School of Law
Holley-Walker, Danielle R.

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
 
 
1)      Administrative Law
2)      Cases
a)      United States v. Nova Scotia Food Products Corp.
i)        Time temp salinity of whitefish
ii)       Appeal from district court…FDA was seeking injunction
(1)   Enforcement procedures
(2)   Nova Scotia says whitefish unsellable that way
(a)    Beyond authority given by congress
(i)      In §553, authority from which agency able to put forth…
(b)   Whether administrative record adequate?
(i)      Judicial review must be based on record
1.      what happened before agency
2.      injunction
(ii)    record before agency when passed regulation is focal point
1.      some info fda may give because of injunction, but what are the considerations they made when deciding to apply regs
a.       inadequate record because fails to show all relevant factors
i.         scientific data, commercially unviable
(iii)   §553(c)—concise general statement of basis and purpose
1.      McGoing test–§4 tell public basis and purpose, we should be able to tell policy issues you weighed and considered
2.      No respond to whitefish producers complaint that it would destroy viability, not enough safeguard gst arbitrary decision-making
a.       In future, should not ignore complaints, especially when vital to issue at hand
(3)   To challenge:
(a)    Procedural Objections:
(i)      Arbitrary and Capricious
1.      Adequate Notice(logical outgrowth)
2.      Inadequate Administrative Record (disclosure of scientific data)
3.      Inadequate “concise general statement” (respond to vital objections)
4.      Failure to consider all relevant factors
5.      No opportunity to be heard
(b)   Substantive Objections:
(i)      Consideration of relevant factors
(ii)    Scope of agency’s authority
b)      Formal Hybrid and Negotiated Rulemaking
i)        §553(c)—when rules required by statute to be made on record after agency hearing, §556 and §557 apply(FORMAL rulemaking)
(1)   Types of procedures:
(a)    Administrative law judge, issue subpoenas, trial type procedures
(2)   §556(d)
(a)    parties must produce reliabl

iii)     Vermont Yankee Nuclear Power Corp. v. NRDC
(1)   What are cts limits and duties when reviewing procedures of agency in rulemaking or adjudication?
(a)    Granted permit, promulgated rule 1)study on evir. Impact 2) incorporate max table
(b)   NRDC—questioned decisions about Yankee
(c)    Informal rule making procedure or formal—in between
(i)      DC rejected Yankee permit grant
1.      no indication more than 553 necessary
(d)   Held: Agencies are free to make their own procedures so long as they follow APA 553, or congress specifically… court can’t interfere
(i)      553 is the basic requirements
(ii)    they were trying to get formal proceedings, failed
(iii)   proper record of review is the entire administrative record
(iv) not the place of the courts, should be left to executive, congress, courts merely interpret