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Constitutional Law I
University of Kansas School of Law
McAllister, Stephen R.

I.                  Constitutional Overview and Introduction
a.     Structure
                                                               i.      Article 1: Legislative Branch
                                                             ii.      Article 2: Executive Branch
                                                            iii.      Article 3: Judiciary
b.     Not mentioned, but integral to Constitutional jurisprudence
                                                               i.      Separation of powers
                                                             ii.      Federalism
                                                            iii.      Provisions peaking affirmatively to state power
c.      BOR & Amendments
                                                               i.      1st
1.      establishment clause (viz. religion)
2.      free exercise clause (viz. religion)
3.      freedom of speech, press
4.      right to peaceably assemble
5.      right to petition the government for redress of grievances
                                                             ii.      2nd
1.      right (of whom?) to bear arms
                                                            iii.      3rd viz. quartering troops during war time
                                                           iv.      4th
1.      unreasonable searches and seizures
2.      warrants, probable cause
                                                             v.      5th
1.      indictment by grand jury
2.      privilege against self-incrimination
3.      double jeopardy
4.      Due Process of law (viz. deprivation of life, liberty, property)
5.      takings clause (viz. property for “public use”)
                                                           vi.      6th
1.      speedy trial
2.      impartial jury
3.      confrontation clause
4.      compulsory process
5.      right to counsel
                                                          vii.      7th – jury trial for civil cases over $20
                                                        viii.      8th
1.      excessive bail, fines
2.      cruel and unusual punishment
                                                           ix.      9th
1.      enigmatic statement that “any rights shall not be construed as to deny or disparage others retained by the people”
                                                             x.      10th
1.      what is not given the U.S. is retained by the States or the “people”
                                                           xi.      11th
1.      no person v. another state (see below)
                                                          xii.      12th – revises tie in electoral college
                                                        xiii.      13th – Reconstruction 1 of 3
1.      prohibits slavery
                                                        xiv.      14th – Reconstruction 2 of 3
1.      slaves citizens
2.      P&I (states cannot deprive)
3.      Due Process
4.      Equal Protection
5.      enforcement provision in the Congress
a.       cf. 11th
                                                         xv.      15th – Reconstruction 3 of 3
1.      right to vote; cannot abridge on basis of race
                                                        xvi.      16th – income tax
                                                      xvii.      17th – direct election of senators
                                                     xviii.      18th – prohibition (repealed)
                                                        xix.      19th – woman’s suffrage
                                                         xx.      20th – timing for sessions of Congress, Presidential tenure
                                                        xxi.      21st – repeals prohibition
1.      gives power to regulate liquor to the states
                                                      xxii.      22nd – 2 terms for the President
                                                     xxiii.      23rd – DC gets electors in the Electoral College
                                                    xxiv.      24th – cannot abridge right to vote by poll tax

imately decided in Federal Court
5.      Martin gives U.S. Supreme Court sovereignty over criminal cases
6.      Cohen gives U.S. Supreme Court sovereignty over civil cases
                                                           iv.      Certiorari
1.      at U.S. Supreme Court’s discretion
2.      conveys no precedential force (if no grant)
3.      given to resolve conflicts among Circuits (States’ Supreme Courts)
4.      decide questions of substantial public importance
b.     Interpretational Methods (i.e., substance of judicial review)
                                                               i.      Sources and methods
1.      textualist
a.       literalist
b.      structural textualist (cf. negative commerce power)
c.       liabilities
                                                                                                                                       i.      vagueness
                                                                                                                                     ii.      absurdity?
2.      originalist
a.       qua “original intent”
b.      “What Framers thought they were saying”
c.       Prorated to temporal situation for subsequent amendments
d.      Liabilities
                                                                                                                                       i.      Did Framers want us to reference their intent?
                                                                                                                                     ii.      Lapse of time; irrelevancy
3.      natural law
a.       method; cf. 9th (repose for unenumerated rights still in existence”