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Advanced Criminal Procedure
University of Kansas School of Law
Gottlieb, David J.

Advanced Criminal Procedure
Spring 2006
· Criminal law is historically a state matter. Only when something fundamental is at state do the feds step in.
· People can be tried for both state and federal crimes.
· Why have a criminal justice system
o       Deter and punishment
§         Social order
§         Rehabilitation
§         Punishment
§         Incapacitation
o       Convict the guilty
o       Acquit the innocent
· How do we want our system to operate?
o       Efficiently
o       Accurately
§         Distribution of risk.
o       Fairly
o       Limits on Government Power
· Duncan v. Louisiana
o       Trial by jury.
· Felonies:
o       Defendant:
§         Arrested
§         Charged
o       Defense Counsel
§         Right for counsel begins when
§         Responsible
o       Prosecutor
§         Discretion, authority
§         Responsibilities
o       Grand Jury
§         Some states used them but is only required for Federal Government
§         Screener of investigation.
o       Judge:
§         Presides
§         Impartial
§         Arbiter of law.
· Crime (2004)
o       All Types: 24,061,140
o       Homocide: 16, 137 – 62%
o       Violent Crimes: 5,182,670 – 42%
o       Property Crimes: 18,654,400 – 15%
· Crime Timeline:
o       Arrest
o       Custody- Administrative
o       Complaint: Notice document
§         Allegation of Crime
§         Statutory Language
§         Some allegation of facts.
§         Serves Due Process function.
o       Presumption of Innocence
§         “Cloaks the defendant”
o       Initial Appearance
§         Liberty Interest
·         2nd only to life.
§         Rule 5 of FRCP
§         Probable Cause standard.
§         Counsel is usually appointed.
o       Grand Jury
§         Must have for feds.
§         Must return an indictment (5th Amendment)
§         Don’t have to have a Preliminary Hearing
·         Grand Jury takes care of PC requirement.
§         16-23 people
§         Secret proceedings.
§         D has no right to counsel.
o       Preliminary Hearing:
§         Kansas uses the most to take care of PC.
§         Right to counsel since its adversarial.
o       Arraignment:
§         Happens immediately after the Preliminary Hearing
§         Charges read to D, plead entered.
o       Plea or Trial

v’t moved for no bail because no conditional release would assure the safety of the community.
§         There is an alarming problem of people committing crimes while under release.
§         Detention-clear and convincing
§         Challenged: Facial challenge
·         8th Amendment
o       Gov’t can look at other compelling gov’t interests other than flight.
o       Const. doesn’t require bail.
·         Substantive Due Process
o       Punishment before trial.
o       US v. Goba:
§         Arrested for conspiring to aid OBL.
§         Must meet one of 6 categories under § 3142(e).
·         Term of incarceration
·         Nature of the offense
·         Criminal record of D.
·         Seriousness of
· Bail Reform Act
o       3 Types of Release (§3142):
§         Release on personal recognizance (OR)
§         Release on a condition (c):
·         Can’t commit a crime
·         Remain in custody of a 3rd person