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Criminal Law
University of Dayton School of Law
Brenner, Susan W.

CRIMINAL LAW OUTLINE FALL 2005
Brenner
Make flow chart or checklist for actual crim problem to bring to test
Criminal Law

Primary Characteristic is Punishment

Use diff kinds of punishment

Small crimes a fine
More serious crime incarceration

Sanctions in crim law much more sever than in torts and b/c of that our crim law has a lot more measure designed to calibrate liability

When is it fair to impose liability?
Basis of Liability

CRIME—four elements
(1) voluntary act (actus reus)
(2) a culpable intent (mens rea)
(3) causation of harm
(4) harm
important to remember the idea of bad mind that you did something wrong.
Crim law concerned w/ people that are dangerous.
Liability
We try to calibrate the sanction in liability to what the person has done.

HOMICIDE
Worst Crime, taking the life of another human being
Divide homicide into levels
MPC §210
§210.1 Criminal Homicide
A person is guilty of criminal homicide if he purposely, knowingly, recklessly, or negligently causes the death of another human being
Criminal homicide is murder, manslaughter or neg homicide.
§210.2 Murder
(1) criminal homicide constitutes murder except as provided in §120.3(1)(b) when
a. it is committed purposely (murder) or knowingly (voluntary manslaughter), or
b. it is committed recklessly under the circumstances manifesting extreme indifference to the value of human life. (reckless homicide) Such recklessness and indifference are presumed if the actors is engaged or is an accomplice in the commission of, or an attempt to commit, or flight after committing or attempting to commit robbery, rape, or deviate sexual intercourse by force of threat of force, arson, burglary, kidnapping, or felonious escape.
(2) Murder is felony of the first degree (but a person convicted of murder may be sentenced to death, as provided in §210.6)
§210.3 Manslaughter(reckless homicide)
Criminal homicide constitutes manslaughter when:
It is committed recklessly; or
A homicide which would otherwise be murder is committed under the influence of extreme mental

for the commission of an offense may not be based on an omission unaccompanied by action unless:
(a) the omission is expressly made sufficient by the law defining the offense; or
(b) a duty to perform the omitted act is otherwise imposed by law.
(4) Possession is an act, within the meaning of this Section, if the possessor àknowingly procured or received the thing possessed or àwas aware of his control thereof for a sufficient period to have been able to terminate his possession.
· §2.01 Restated
o (1) a person is guilty of an offense when his liability is based on
§ a voluntary act or
§ the omission to perform an act of which he physically capable.
· Burden on the prosecutor to prove voluntary act
o (2) INVOLUNTARY ACTS include
§ reflex,
§ convulsion,
§ bodily movement during unconsciousness or sleep,
conduct during hypnosis, and