Select Page

Ethical Lawyering
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Milles, James G.

Milles_Ethics_Fall ‘13
1.      Regulation of Lawyers
2.      Lawyer Liability
a.       Malpractice:
                                                              i.      Duty owed to Π
                                                            ii.      Failed to exercise competence
                                                          iii.      Breach caused harm to Π
b.      Fiduciary Duty
c.       Rule 8.3 Reporting Misconduct of Other Lawyers
                                                              i.      If a known violation raises a “substantial question” report it to bar assn.
d.      Rule 8.4
                                                              i.      Violating, attempting to violate or assisting another in violating a Rule also violates Professional Conduct
1.      No dishonesty, fraud, deceit, or misrepresentation
3.      Client Confidences
a.       1.6 Confidentiality
                                                              i.      1.6(b):
1.      Information is not confidential if a court order directs the info to be provided
a.       Legal obligation to comply with court’s decision
                                                            ii.      Nice summary on pg 224-25
                                                          iii.      Disclosure:
1.      (b)(1) “to prevent reasonably certain death or substantial bodily harm”
2.      Rule 3.6(c)(1)
a.       Disclosure allowed if “Impliedly Authorized”
3.      See pg 207
                                                          iv.      Comment 18: “The duty of confidentiality continues after the lawyer – client relationship has terminated”
                                                            v.      Comment 4: Intended for attorney to ask advice on sticky ethical issue – not as an option to vent to friends
b.      1.2(d) assisting client in a crime
c.       4.1(b) knowingly failing to disclose no confidential material fact. Disclosure is necessary to avoid client from committing fraudulent act.
d.      8.4(c)  No dishonesty, fraud, deceit or misrepresentation
e.       1.8(b) current client conflict of interest – improper use of information
f.       Restatement § 60
                                                              i.      Except as stated in §62 [client consent] a lawyer who uses confidential information of a client for the lawyer’s pecuniary gain other than in the practice of law must account to the client for any profits made”
1.      Must turn any profits you make over to client
g.      Restatements appear closer to actual practice – ABA Model Rules tend to be stricter
4.      A-C Privilege and Work Product 
a.       Evidence Rule: governs what may be admitted in court
                                                              i.      Elements: [nice chart on 241] * R2d §86:*
1.      Communication
2.      Privileged persons
a.      Includes client’s agent used to facilitate communication or in cases of mental incapacitation
b.      Balancing test for if benefit > risk for 3rd persons presence
3.      In confidence
a.      Reasonable belief that no one will learn of communication except privileged persons
                                                                                                                                      i.      Location matters (office v. client’s home)
b.      R2d§ 71

ment, lower level or agent
a.      Privilege extended if communication relates to subject-matter of representation
5.      Client Relationships
a.       Forming
b.      Responsibility
                                                              i.      Express
                                                            ii.      Implied
                                                          iii.      Apparent
c.       Duties:
                                                              i.      Competence
1.      Rule 1.1
2.      Effective Assistance of Counsel
a.       Δ must show deficient performance prejudiced Δ
b.      Deprived Δ of  a fair trial
–          Strickland v. Washington
                                                            ii.      Honesty
                                                          iii.      Communication
1.      Rule 1.4
a.       Inform the client of decision or circumstance requiring informed consent
b.      Consult with client about the means
c.       Keep client reasonably informed
d.      Comply with reasonable requests
                                                          iv.      Diligence
1.      Rule 1.3:
a.       Act with reasonable diligence and promptness in representation
                                                            v.      Client’s Agent
1.      Rule 1.2