Thursday, August 23, 2007
League of Nations
Founded after WWI by the Versailles treaty, and was created to avoid the bloodshed caused by the World War.
Aimed to preserve peace through collective action and to promote international cooperation in economic and social affairs.
Ended because the League failed to keep peace, lacked its own military power, it depended on military contributions, the members of the league were unwilling to use sanctions, there was insufficient moral authority, and several big powers (including the US) failed to support the league.
League became the UN: The UN kept most of the League’s ideals and structure, including the ideals of peace, social, and economic progress remained basic goals of the new world organization
The United Nations
How the UN works- The main bodies of the UN
Main deliberative organ of the UN, and consists of all the members
Every country has one vote
Important decisions made by 2/3 majority, other decisions by simple majority
Primary responsibility is peace and security according to Article 24(1) of the UN charter
Resolutions are binding. If you are a member of the UN charter, then you are supposed to follow the resolutions of the UN
Five permanent members (China, France, UK, USSR, US) given veto power, ten other countries serve two year terms (rotating members)
Principle organ for ensuring peace, decisions binding on all member states
A military staff committee advises and assists the security council on the deployment of forces under Article 47. All members of the UN are supposed to be lending the military forces.
Economic and Social Council
Central forum for discussing international economic and social issues.
ights and obligations, establishes UN organs and procedures, and codifies the major principles of international relations.
When a member state signs the treaty, it agrees to give up certain sovereign rights and obey the principles of the charter.
In discharging the functions of the UN Charter, the UN is enjoined from intervening in matters wither are essentially within the jurisdiction of any state, except when acting through the Security Council to address threats to the peace.
Purpose of the UN as set out by Article I
Bring nations together to work for peace and development, based on the principles of justice, human dignity, and the well-being of all people
Friendly relations among nations
Cooperation in solving international problems